Besides, financial data are business records of companies or organizations. The data is mostly used to analyze the management performance as well as determine the strategies used to improve the company’s performance. In addition, the financial data is used by other companies to determine the creditworthiness of a company that wants to do business with them; besides, such information is also a determinant of whether a company is complying with government regulations. In addition, the financial statement quantify the financial strength, performance, and liquidity of a company as well as reflecting the financial effects of business transactions and events on the entity. The main types of financial data include assets, liabilities, and equity. Assets refers to properties owned by individuals and businesses, they include both tangible and intangible property, personal property and real property. Tangible property is any physical property, such as equipment, furniture, tools, or inventory whereas intangible property is non-physical property, such as a patent or goodwill, besides, real property is real estate and anything that is attached to it while personal property is any property that is not real property.
On the other hand, liabilities refers to the financial obligations of a company, such as what the company owes to others including debt, which is money owed to a lender along with any interest as well as accounts payable, which is money owed to suppliers for goods and services bought by the company. Also , liability can include other obligations such as wages, benefits, and taxes. Short-term refers to the obligation will come due within a year while long term is the liability that comes due in a year or longer. On the other hand , equity is the value of the company left over after the company has paid all of its liabilities out of all of its assets.
The following are some of the reasons as to why companies and individuals keep their financial records. First and foremost, without knowing the proper value of stocks, investors will not know the right time to buy or sell share. Besides, the statements enable the investors to know the whether shares are currently affordable; this is as a result of the fluctuations in a company’s trading session. Besides, experts use the data to analyze trends in assets and debts as well as the operating profit, net profit and gross profit. Other assisting the financial analyst to determine whether it is safe to invest in a company, the records also offers an overview of the company’s cash flows from operating activities, financing activities, and investing activities. In addition, companies need to understand the changes in the financial market in the past so as to know how the financial market are doing, and where they may go in the future.